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APA, IEEE & AMA citation styles

These guides provide guidance on how to cite sources using APA, IEEE & AMA citation styles; including examples for print and electronic sources.

What is citation?

A citation is the way you tell your readers that certain material in your work came from another source. It also gives your readers the information necessary to find that source again, including:

  • information about the author
  • the title of the work
  • the name and location of the company that published your copy of the source
  • the date your copy was published
  • the page numbers of the material you are borrowing

Reference (n.d.). What's a citation?. Retrieved from 

When to cite?

According to (Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 2010), you have to cite a specific work "whose ideas, theories, or research have directly influenced your work. It may provide key background information, support or dispute your thesis, or offer critical definitions and data. Lastly, Citing of an article implies that the researcher personally read the cited work which directly provides documentation for all facts and figures that are not common knowledge (p. 169)".

(Source: Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). (2010). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.)

How do I cite?

  • Format your citation based on where you found the information.
  • A book, journal, website, etc. are all referenced in different ways.
  • Use in-text citations and a reference list

Why do we cite sources?

There are many reasons why it is important to cite the resources used in your research paper. Here are some:

  1. To give credit to the author by listing the resources you consulted for your research work.
  2. To provide scientific evidence of your work.
  3. To show scholarly and scientific patterns of your work by citing them accurately.
  4. To avoid plagiarism.