Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA, IEEE & AMA citation styles

These guides provide guidance on how to cite sources using APA, IEEE & AMA citation styles; including examples for print and electronic sources.


Reference Listing

Basics of Reference Listing

  1. Reference list only includes those that are cited in-text and are recoverable.
  2. The list must be double-spaced.
  3. Entries must have hanging indention and alphabetically arranged.
  4. Start references on a new page.
  5. Italicize the title of books, magazines, etc.

Reference List Order

  1. Arrange sources alphabetically beginning with author’s last name
  2. If author has more than one source, arrange entries by year, earliest first
  3. When an author appears both as a sole author and, in another citation as the first author of a group, list the one author entries first
  4. If no author given, begin entry with the title and alphabetize without counting a, an, or the
  5. Do not underline, italicize or use quote marks for titles used instead of an author name

Reference Elements